1. Active Group Members
2. Partners
3. Prototypes and Publications
4. Activities

INKE’s Modelling / Prototyping (MP) group designs and implements proof-of-concept projects that bring together the foundational theoretical work of the Textual Studies (TS) team and the interface designs developed by the ID team. M&P further develops the combined ideas of the other two groups by simulating unique models, ideas, arguments, philosophies, and practices in virtual environments.

The main motivation of MP is to understand and extend beyond the features of print-based communicative models through testing and prototyping affordances in digital environments. Establishing the prototype as an argument is a performative and reflective first step towards a fuller application and edification of the ideas explored by all INKE researchers. In INKE’s fourth year, M&P extends its earlier work and continues to approach the digital scholarly edition as a dynamic and social process. This understanding feeds current work on modelling textual relationships (RDF), gaming the edition, modeling the XML-enhanced scholarly collection, and fostering and enabling knowledge communities.

Research Questions:

  1. How do we model and enable context, such as prosopography and placeography, within the electronic scholarly edition?
  2. How do we engage knowledge-building communities within the space of the electronic edition, and capture process, dialogue, and connections in and around such editions?
  3. How much can we play with the definition of the “scholarly edition” in the digital environment before that term no longer defines the kinds of work that takes place within that virtual space?
  4. How can the dynamic digital edition enable users to become specialized contributing editors through work on the edition, adjudicated by the software and by an existing editorial community?

Active Group Members

  • Researchers: Jon Bath, Jon Saklofske, Jentery Sayers, Susan Brown, William R Bowen, Constance Crompton
  • Collaborative researchers involved on a consultative basis: Lisa Goddard (Memorial), Matthew Hiebert (UVic/ETCL) [Past: Harvey Quamen, Stan Ruecker, Stéfan Sinclair, Brent Nelson, Ray Siemens and postdoctoral fellow Scott Schofield])
  • Post-Docs, Graduate Research Assistants, and Other Personnel:
    • GRAs:
      • Acadia: Marc Muschler (M.A. English) and Adam Foster (M.A. Social and Political Thought) [Past: Jake Bruce, Mandy Elliott, Michael Horacki, Lisa Goddard, Daniel Powell]
      • Alberta: Nadine Adelaar
      • Saskatchewan: Federica Gianelli (M.A. English), Ben Neudorf (M.A. English), and Jade McDougall (PhD English)
      • Victoria: Nina Belojevic (M.A. English) and Alex Christie (M.A. English)
  • GRA Programmer:
    • Acadia: Ian Brunton (M.A. English)
  • Programmer:
    • Saskatchewan: Xiaohan Zhang
  • Post-Doc:
    • Alberta: John Simpson

Partners

  • Primary partners:
    • Orlando/CWRC/Text Mining and Visualization for Digital Literary History: Susan Brown
    • Modernist Versions Project: Stephen Ross
  • Partners to be consulted:
    • University of Alberta Libraries/University of Alberta Press
    • ITER: Bill Bowen

Prototypes and Publications

  • A Social Edition of the Devonshire MS (BL Add 17,492) (Launch)
  • Revised Versioning Machine (stable name forthcoming): Link broken at the moment (in collaboration with the MVP; Daniel Carter and Tanya Clement (U. of Texas at Austin), lead dev)
  • Engaged Reader: Dev Version URL Engaged reader
  •  Jon Saklofske.  NewRadial: Re-visualizing the Blake Archive.” In Poetess Archive Journal 2.1 (2010).
  • Brent Nelson, Jon Bath and the INKE Research Group. “Old Ways for Linking Texts in the Digital Reading Environment: The Case of the Thompson Chain Reference Bible.” forthcoming in Digital Humanities Quarterly.
  • Susan Brown. Reading Orlando with the Mandala Browser: A Case Study in Algorithmic Criticism via Experimental Visualization.” Digital Studies/Le Champ Numérique 2.1 (2010). With Stan Ruecker, Jeffery Antoniuk, Sharon Farnel, Matt Gooding, Stéfan Sinclair, Matt Patey, and Sandra Gabriele.
  • Jentery Sayers.  Geolocating Compositional Strategies at the Virtual University,” with Curtis Hisayasu. Kairos: A Journal of Rhetoric, Technology, and Pedagogy 12.2 (2011).
  • Ray Siemens.  “Toward Modeling the Social Edition: An Approach to Understanding the Electronic Scholarly Edition in the Context of New and Emerging Social Media,” with Meagan Timney, Cara Leitch, Corina Koolen, and Alex Garnett, and with the ETCL, INKE, and PKP Research Groups. Accepted for publication in Literary and Linguistic Computing.
  • Recent publications:
    • “Old Ways for Linking Texts in the Digital Reading Environment: The Case of the Thompson Chain Reference Bible.” Brent Nelson, Jon Bath and the INKE team. Digital Humanities Quarterly. Vol. 6 No. 2. 2012.
    • “Small Books, Small Screens: From the Phylactery to the Cellphone.” Brent Nelson, Jon Bath, Robert Imes and the INKE team. Papers of the Bibliographical Society of Canada. Vol. 51 No. 1. 2013
    • “Imagining the Architectures of the Book: Textual Scholarship and the Digital Book Arts.” Alan Galey, Jon Bath, Rebecca Niles, Richard Cunningham, and the INKE team. Textual Cultures. Vol. 7 No. 2. 2012. 20-42
    • “Fluid Layering: Reimagining digital literary archives through dynamic, user-generated content.” Jon Saklofske and the INKE team. Scholarly Research Communication. Vol. 3.  No. 4. 2012.  (11 pages).
  • Recent conference papers:
    • “The INKE NewRadial Prototype: Evolving the Space and Nature of Digital Scholarly Editions” Jon Saklofske (Acadia), Jake Bruce (Acadia), and the INKE M&P team. Poster Presentation. DH 2013. University of Nebraska–Lincoln, 16-19 July 2013.
    • “Centre and Circumference: Modeling and Prototyping Digital Knowledge Environments as Social Sandboxes.” Jon Saklofske (Acadia) and the M&P Team. Long Paper presentation. DH 2013. University of Nebraska–Lincoln, 16-19 July 2013.
    • “A Humanist Perspective on Building Ontologies in Theory and Practice.” John Simpson, Susan Brown, Lisa Goddard, and theINKE M&P team. Long Paper presentation. DH 2013. University of Nebraska–Lincoln, 16-19 July 2013.
    • “Versioning Modernist Texts: A Survey of Existing Tools for Collation and Visualization.” Jentery Sayers, Susan Schreibman, Matthew Huculak, Dean Irvine, Stephen Ross, and the INKE M&P / MVP Team. Short Paper presentation. DH 2013. University of Nebraska–Lincoln, 16-19 July 2013.
    • “Analysis of text mining tools for digital humanists.” Simpson, John; Rockwell, Geoffrey; Stéfan Sinclair; Kirsten Uszkalo; Brown, Susan; Dyrbye, Amy; Chartier, Ryan and the INKE M&P team. Poster Presentation. DH 2013. University of Nebraska–Lincoln, 16-19 July 2013.
    • “ArchBook: A Case for Inherited Innovation” Scott Schofield and the INKE Research Group. Paper Presentation. CABSC/ACEHL2013: University of Victoria. June 4-5, 2013.
    • “Terra Incognita: Modelling digital scholarly editing as a form of hyperreal cartography.” Jon Saklofske and the INKE M&P team. Paper Presentation. CSDH/SCHN 2013. University of Victoria. June 3-5, 2013.
    • “The Engaged Reader Project: Reader-Edited Digital Texts.” William Vavra, Jon Bath and the INKE M&P Team. Paper Presentation. CSDH/SCHN 2013. University of Victoria. June 3-5, 2013.
    • “Prosopography and the Limits of Big Data.” Michael Horacki, Jon Bath and the INKE M&P Team. Paper Presentation.CSDH/SCHN 2013. University of Victoria. June 3-5, 2013.
    • “The Key to All Ontologies?: The Long Now of Linked Data.” John Simpson, Jentery Sayers, Susan Brown, Harvey Quamen, Adele Barclay, Alex Christie and the INKE M&P Team. Paper Presentation. CSDH/SCHN 2013. University of Victoria. June 3-5, 2013.
    • “A Linked Open Data Approach to the Study of Global Modernism.” Jentery Sayers, Stephen Ross, Adèle Barclay, Alex Christie, and the INKE M&P / MVP Team. Paper Presentation. CSDH/SCHN 2013. University of Victoria. June 3-5, 2013.
    • “Just What Do They Do? On the use of text analysis in the humanities.” John Simpson, Geoffrey Rockwell, Stefán Sinclair, Amy Dyrbye, Ryan Chartier, Milena Radikowska, and Rebekah Wilson. CSDH/SCHN 2013. University of Victoria. June 3-5, 2013.
    • “Gaming the Scholarly Edition: Opening the Private Sphere of Academic Scholarly Editing to Public Apprenticeship via Digital Game Paradigms.” Sonja Sapach, Jon Saklofske and the INKE M&P Team. Paper Presentation. Media in Transition 8. MIT. May 3-5, 2013.
    • “Gaming the Edition: Play, Collaboration, and Shared Tacit Knowledge in the Editorial Process.” Jon Saklofske, Jentery Sayers, Alex Christie, Nina Belojevic, and the INKE M&P Team. Paper Presentation. HASTAC 2013. York University. April 25-28, 2013.
    • “The Key to All Ontologies?: The Long Now of Linked Data.” Jentery Sayers, Susan Brown, John Simpson, Adèle Barclay, and the INKE M&P Team. Paper Presentation. HASTAC 2013. York University. April 25-28, 2013.
    • “The Uses of a Digital Interleaf” Scott Schofield and the INKE team. Paper Presentation. New Technologies Sessions at the Renaissance Society of America (RSA) Annual Conference. San Diego, California. 6-9 April, 2013.
    • “Adventures in Linked Data: Building a Connected Research Environment”. Lisa Goddard and the INKE Team. Access Conference 2012, Oct 18-21, 2012, Montreal, QC. http://research.library.mun.ca/622/
    • “Beyond Browsing and Reading: The Open Work of Digital Scholarly Editions.” Jon Saklofske and Jake Bruce (co-authors and co-presenters). INKE: Research Foundations for Understanding Books and Reading in a Digital Age: E/Merging Reading, Writing, and Research Practices (Birds of a Feather). Havana, Cuba. 11-14 December 2012.
    • “E/Merging Models for the Production of Online Research through Linked Data.” John Simpson, Susan Brown, Harvey Quamen, Jon Bath, Jon Saklofske, Jentery Sayers, Lisa Goddard, Adele Barclay, Alex Christie, Mandy Elliott, and the INKE team. INKE: Research Foundations for Understanding Books and Reading in a Digital Age: E/Merging Reading, Writing, and Research Practices (Birds of a Feather). Havana, Cuba. 11-14 December 2012.
    • “Minimalist Architectures: Re‐designing the eBook for Small Reading Surfaces.” Brent Nelson, Jon Bath, Robert Imes, and the INKE team. INKE: Research Foundations for Understanding Books and Reading in a Digital Age: E/Merging Reading, Writing, and Research Practices (Birds of a Feather). Havana, Cuba. 11-14 December 2012.
    • “Opening the Early Modern Toolbox: The Digital Interleaf and The Digital Commonplace Book” Scott Schofield and the INKE team. INKE: Research Foundations for Understanding Books and Reading in the Digital Age: E/Merging Reading, Writing, and Research Practice” (Birds of a Feather). Havana, Cuba. 11-14 December 2012.
    • “Understanding the Social Edition Through Iterative Implementation: The Case of the Devonshire MS (BL Add Ms 17492)” Abstract refereed. Constance Crompton, Raymond Siemens, INKE, and the Devonshire Manuscript Editorial Group at the Implementing New Knowledge Environments annual meeting, Havana, Cuba, December 2012.

Activities 2009 – 2012

Members of the Modelling and Prototyping group were recruited during the summer of 2011 and were given the opportunity to develop the group’s mandate and relationship to the other INKE teams’ research trajectories during the Kyoto Birds of a Feather Conference.

Following that conference, Jon Bath, Jon Saklofske Susan Brown and Jentery Sayers developed a partial year 3 plan which was meant to facilitate the integration of MP into INKE’s work on the scholarly edition. We began to work towards modelling dynamic editing environments which could be used to engage with and beneficially shape the continuing migration of editorial instruction, production and peer-review into digital environments. Our project plans were motivated by four research questions:

  1. How do we model and enable context, such as prosopography and placeography, within the electronic scholarly edition?
  2. How do we engage knowledge-building communities within the space of the electronic edition, and capture process, dialogue, and connections in and around such editions?
  3. How much can we play with the definition of the “scholarly edition” in the digital environment before that term no longer defines the kinds of work that takes place within that virtual space?
  4. How can the dynamic digital edition enable users to become specialized contributing editors through work on the edition, adjudicated by the software and by an existing editorial community?

We addressed these questions by starting development of an HTML5-based prototype of NewRadial, a web and server- based browsing/annotation tool that would serve as a site for proof of concept argumentation regarding the nature of digital editions (and the incorporation of user-generated content that interacts with the original edition content). The prototype’s front end has been completed, and the server backend is currently being established and tested (as per the adjacent figures).


NewRadial early Java prototype


NewRadial client-side architecture


NewRadial server-side architecture

During the year 3 timeframe, MP researchers delivered three conference papers, two at the Social Sciences and Humanities Congress in Waterloo, Ontario (May 2012) One paper was for CASBC and described the preliminary work being done with our partner, CWRC, toward modelling textual relationships and prototyping a reading environment that leverages RDF. The other paper was for SDH-SEMI and argued that game paradigms lend integrity to social edition processes by providing environment models that could effectively move neophyte editors through the process of increasing their editorial expertise while contributing to actual edition work (see the adjacent figure).


Layered design for “gamed” edition

The third paper was delivered in June 2012 at the Beyond Accessibility conference at the University of Victoria, and not only summarized the ways that early MP initiatives would be extended into year 4′s continued focus on the scholarly edition, but also offered two distinct models for preserving print-based affordances and overcoming constraints in the establishment of dynamic digital editions. The latter two papers will be expanded into article-length papers and submitted for publication before the end of August.

In year 4, M&P will continue to approach the digital scholarly edition as a dynamic and social process to extend and implement the versioning, prosopographical and game-related affordances in the prototypes that we began investigating in year three. The NewRadial prototype will continue to serve as a site for proof of concept argumentation and will be adapted to leverage and output RDF format data and will be tested for compatibility with various databases, including NINES RDF and the ArchBook image repository. Further, the “gaming the edition” work will be extended to incorporate the ID team’s Magic Circle and workflow interfaces. We will also be partnering with CWRC and the University of Alberta Press to investigate the question of how to represent context in the scholarly edition by modeling the interaction between the typically span-oriented semantic markup associated with best practices for digital editions and the traditionally punctive indexing of print-oriented scholarly collections.

Over the remaining years of the INKE project, the primary responsibility of the MP team will be to design and implement proof-of-concept projects that bring together the theoretical work of the TS team and the interface designs developed by the ID team. MP will further develop the combined ideas of the other two groups by simulating unique models, ideas, arguments, philosophies, and practices in virtual environments. In year 5, we will focus on the secondary scholarship of monograph and journals, and will continue to explore social edition paradigms while also developing new prototypes for the organization and function of secondary scholarship in print and digital forms. The focus of Year 6 is on born-digital literature, and many of our current ideas and projects (NewRadial, gaming environments and one of our overarching models for the digital scholarly edition) can be extended to this area as well.